With its comprehensive treatment of topics, this book will benefit students as well as practising engineers working on wind energy. The book introduces the basics of wind energy and then discusses the conversion of wind energy into electrical energy, wind energy integration with the local grid, stand-alone generation and consumption, variable-speed wind generators, and hybrid power systems. The book assumes no prior knowledge in the field and therefore would also be suitable for readers with a non-electrical-engineering background.
Abstract:A microgrid (MG) is a discrete energy system consisting of an interconnection of distributed energy sources and loads capable of operating in parallel with or independently from the main power grid. The microgrid concept integrated with renewable energy generation and energy storage systems has gained significant interest recently, triggered by increasing demand for clean, efficient, secure, reliable and sustainable heat and electricity. However, the concept of efficient integration of energy storage systems faces many challenges (e.g., charging, discharging, safety, size, cost, reliability and overall management). Additionally, proper implementation and justification of these technologies in MGs cannot be done without energy management systems, which control various aspects of power management and operation of energy storage systems in microgrids. This review discusses different energy storage technologies that can have high penetration and integration in microgrids. Moreover, their working operations and characteristics are discussed. An overview of the controls of energy management systems for microgrids with distributed energy storage systems is also included in the scope of this review.Keywords: energy storage systems; microgrids; microgrid control; renewable energy systems
Abstract:The demand for renewable energy sources worldwide has gained tremendous research attention over the past decades. Technologies such as wind and solar have been widely researched and reported in the literature. However, economical use of these technologies has not been widespread due partly to cost and the inability for service during of-source periods. To make these technologies more competitive, research into energy storage systems has intensified over the last few decades. The idea is to devise an energy storage system that allows for storage of electricity during lean hours at a relatively cheaper value and delivery later. Energy storage and delivery technologies such as supercapacitors can store and deliver energy at a very fast rate, offering high current in a short duration. The past decade has witnessed a rapid growth in research and development in supercapacitor technology. Several electrochemical properties of the electrode material and electrolyte have been reported in the literature. Supercapacitor electrode materials such as carbon and carbon-based materials have received increasing attention because of their high specific surface area, good electrical conductivity and excellent stability in harsh environments etc. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in biomass-derived activated carbons as an electrode material for supercapacitor applications. The development of an alternative supercapacitor electrode material from biowaste serves two main purposes: (1) It helps with waste disposal; converting waste to a useful product, and (2) it provides an economic argument for the substantiality of supercapacitor technology. This article reviews recent developments in carbon and carbon-based materials derived from biowaste for supercapacitor technology. A comparison between the various storage mechanisms and electrochemical performance of electrodes derived from biowaste is presented.Keywords: bio-waste; electrochemical double layer; supercapacitor; energy density; power density; electrochemical stability
Before you read on, we thought you might like to download our 3 Mindfulness Exercises for free. These science-based, comprehensive exercises will not only help you cultivate a sense of inner peace throughout your daily life but will also give you the tools to enhance the mindfulness of your clients, students or employees. 2b1af7f3a8